Sakhr AH-200
This page was last modified 14:46, 27 December 2021 by Mars2000you. Based on work by Rderooy and Gdx and others.

Contents

Description

Computer

Sakhr Computers was a Kuwaiti company that was selling MSX computers imported from Japan in all of the Arab countries. These MSX were localized by Al Alamiah (the parent company at that time) and rebranded for the Arabic market.

The Sakhr AH-200 is the Hitachi MB-H21 localised for Arabic countries. The Japanese firmware has been replaced by a different firmware, introduced by a bilingual menu (English and Arabic).

After booting without pressing the CTRL key, the computer will be in Arabic mode. In this mode:

  • the combination of the GRAPH key with an alphabetic key will display an MSX-BASIC instruction on the screen
  • the extra STAR key can be used in a similar way to the GRAPH key
  • some combinations can produce accented characters instead of MSX-BASIC instructions
Brand Sakhr (Manufacturer: Hitachi)
Model AH-200
Year 1985
Region Middle East
Launch price
RAM 32kB (? in slot 0)
VRAM 16kB
Media MSX cartridges
Video Texas Instruments TMS9929ANL
Audio PSG (AY-3-8910)
Chipset none (separate IC's)
Keyboard layout QWERTY/Arabic
Extras CPU speed controller switch, Arabic BASIC, firmware (Calendar, Graphics, Arabic Writer, English Writer)
Emulation ROM dump needed. See this thread for details

Firmware

This machine comes with version 1.0 of Arabic firmware, present on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers.

The firmware can be skipped by pressing CTRL key while booting and until you hear a first beep. By doing that, the machine will be in International mode and the Arabic characters will not be available. If a software (even in cartridge) doesn't work, try it in this mode.

Note: If you continue to press CTRL until a second beep, you will get only one drive (the A: drive) if you have added external diskdrives.

This firmware adds Arabic characters, new MSX-BASIC instructions (see Arabic BASIC) and 4 applications. You can choose them in the menu with the keys 1 to 4:

  • Calendar - is only in Arabic language and has two options (Monthly Calendar and Daily Calendar), it will be completely different in higher versions of the firmware.
  • Graphics, a graphic tool in screen 2
  • Arabic Writer (Word Processor)
  • English Writer (Word Processor)

These options remain unchanged on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah MSX1 computers.

If you press key 5 when you are in the menu, you will go to MSX-BASIC.

Going back to the menu is possible with CALL MENU or _MENU (don't use it if you are in International mode !).

Pictures

Computer

Sakhr AH-200
Sakhr AH-200 close-up
Sakhr AH-200 speed control switch
Sakhr AH-200 left side
Sakhr AH-200 back
Sakhr AH-200 general ports
Sakhr AH-200 underside
Sakhr AH-200 label

Firmware

Arabic firmware version 1.0
Arabic firmware 1.0 AH-200 menu
Calendar submenu
Calendar 1
Calendar 2
Graphics
Arabic Writer
English Writer

Specifications

The AH-200 is a MSX1 with a CPU speed controler for slow games execution. The CPU is a Z80A from Sharp (LH0080A).

Connections