Sakhr AX-170
This page was last modified 23:11, 17 January 2021 by Mars2000you. Based on work by Rderooy and Gdx and others.




Sakhr Computers was a Kuwaiti company (Al Alamiah co.) that was selling MSX computers imported from Japan in all of the Arab world. These MSX were localized by Al Alamiah and rebranded for the Arabic market.

The Sakhr AX-170 seems to be the Sanyo MPC-2 localised for Arabic countries with RGB output in addition. The PCB and components are not the same and a RGB output has been added on some versions. This model was most popular in the Arabic countries.

This computer has an Arabic QWERTY keyboard, but is also available in an Arabic/French version (with AZERTY keyboard), where the English Word Processor is replaced by a French Word Processor.

Brand Sakhr (Manufacturer: Sanyo)
Type AX-170 / AX-170F
Year 1986
Region Middle East
Original price
RAM 64kB in slot 3-0
Media MSX cartridges
Video Toshiba T6950 Texas Instruments TMS9918 compatible (Integrated in MSX-Engine T7937)
Audio PSG-sound chip General Instrument AY-3-8910 compatible (Integrated in MSX-Engine T7937)
Chipset Toshiba T7937
Keyboard layout (AX-170) QWERTY/Arabic - (AX-170f) AZERTY/Arabic
Extras Arabic BASIC, Reset button, Firmware (Calendar, Graphics, Arabic Writer, English or French Writer)
Emulation ROMs dumped and emulated for the QWERTY version. For the AZERTY version ROM dump is needed. See this thread for details


This machine comes with version 1.01 of Arabic firmware, present on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers. The firmware can be skipped by pressing CTRL key while booting and until you come on the MSX-BASIC screen. By doing that, the machine will be in International mode, the Arabic characters will not be available and also you get only one drive (the A: drive) if you have added external diskdrives.

This firmware adds Arabic characters, new MSX-BASIC commands (see Arabic BASIC) and 4 applications. You can choose them in the menu with the keys 1 to 4.

By comparison with version 1.0, only the Calendar has been completely modified, as you can now also use it partially in English. Other options are Graphics, a graphic tool in screen 2, and two Word Processors, Arabic Writer and English or French Writer. These options remain unchanged on all MSX1 Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers.

If you press key 5 when you are in the menu, you will go to MSX-BASIC. Going back to the menu is possible with CALL MENU or _MENU (don't use it if you are in International mode !).



Sakhr AX-170
Sakhr AX-170 box
Sakhr AX-170 computer and manuals
Sakhr AX-170
Sakhr AX-170 PCB
Sakhr AX-170 PCB underside
Sakhr AX-170 label
Sakhr AX-170 back without RGB output
Sakhr AX-170 back with RGB output
Sakhr logo


Arabic firmware version 1.01
Arabic firmware 1.01 menu
Arabic firmware 1.01 Arabic Calendar
Arabic firmware Graphics
Arabic firmware Arabic Writer
Arabic firmware English Writer
Arabic firmware 1.01 English Calendar


The AX-170 is a MSX1. The Z80A, the VDP and the PSG are integrated in MSX-Engine T7937.

The integrated VDP is the Toshiba T6950, which does not support some undocumented features of the Texas Instruments TMS9918, TMS9928 and TMS9929 VDP's.

Slot Map

Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3-0 Slot 3-1 Slot 3-2 Slot 3-3
Page C000h~FFFFh Cartridge
Slot 1
Slot 2
Page 8000h~BFFFh Arabic ROM
Page 4000h~7FFFh Main-ROM
Page 0000h~3FFFh


Fixes and Repair

External Links