Sakhr AX-230
This page was last modified 23:12, 17 January 2021 by Mars2000you. Based on work by Rderooy and Gdx and others.




Sakhr Computers was a Kuwaiti company (Al Alamiah co.) that was selling MSX computers imported from Japan in all of the Arab world. These MSX were localized by Al Alamiah and rebranded for the Arabic market.

The Sakhr AX-230 is like the Sanyo MPC-2 localised for Arabic countries but the PCB and components are not the same. A RGB output has been added but a cartridge slot has been removed. This model is available in blue (B), gray (GL) or red (R).

Brand Sakhr
Type AX-230 (Manufacturer: Sanyo)
Year 1986-1992
Region Middle East
Original price
RAM 64kB in slot 3-0
Media MSX cartridges
Video Toshiba T6950 Texas Instruments TMS9918 compatible (Integrated in MSX-Engine T7937A)
Audio PSG-sound chip General Instrument AY-3-8910 compatible (Integrated in MSX-Engine T7937A)
Chipset Toshiba T7937A
Keyboard layout QWERTY/Arabic
Extras Arabic BASIC, Reset button, Firmware (Calendar, Graphics, Arabic Writer, English Writer), 15 educational games, 10 recreative games
Emulation ROMs dumped and emulated


This machine comes with an 'enhanced' version 1.01 of Arabic firmware, present on all Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers. The firmware can be skipped by pressing CTRL key while booting and until you come on the MSX-BASIC screen. By doing that, the machine will be in International mode, the Arabic characters will not be available and also you get only one drive (the A: drive) if you have added external diskdrives.

This firmware adds Arabic characters, new MSX-BASIC commands (see Arabic BASIC), 4 applications and 2 extra options for MSX software. You can choose them in the menu with the keys 1 to 6.

The Calendar can also be used partially in English. Other 'normal' options are Graphics, a graphic tool in screen 2, and two Word Processors, Arabic Writer and English Writer. These options remain unchanged on all MSX1 Sakhr/Al Alamiah computers. Options 5 give access to 15 educational games, option 6 to 10 recreative games. If you add the 5 general options (including MSX-BASIC), you have a total of 30 programs.

If you press key 7 when you are in the menu, you will go to MSX-BASIC. Going back to the menu is possible with CALL MENU or _MENU (don't use it if you are in International mode !). Note that in this case, you will go to the 'normal' Arabic firmware menu with only 5 options instead of 7.



Sakhr AX-230 blue
Sakhr AX-230 box
Sakhr AX-230 gray
Sakhr AX-230 PCB
Sakhr AX-230 PCB (underside)
Sakhr AX-230 - MSX-Engine T7937A
Sakhr AX-230 label
Sakhr AX-230 red
Sakhr AX-230 back


Arabic firmware version 1.01
Arabic firmware 1.01 'enhanced' menu
Arabic firmware 1.01 Arabic Calendar
Arabic firmware Graphics
Arabic firmware Arabic Writer
Arabic firmware English Writer
Arabic firmware 1.01 English Calendar
Arabic firmware 1.01 option 5 submenu
Arabic firmware 1.01 option 6 submenu
Arabic firmware 1.01 'normal' menu


The Sakhr AX-230 is a MSX1. The Z80A, the VDP and the PSG are integrated in MSX-Engine T7937A.

The integrated VDP is the Toshiba T6950, which does not support some undocumented features of the Texas Instruments TMS9918, TMS9928 and TMS9929 VDP's.

Slot Map

Slot 0 Slot 1 Slot 2 Slot 3-0 Slot 3-1 Slot 3-2 Slot 3-3
Page C000h~FFFFh Cartridge
Page 8000h~BFFFh Arabic ROM
Page 4000h~7FFFh Main-ROM
Page 0000h~3FFFh